The Mixed Migration Centre

Photo: Sven Torfinn/Panos

What is mixed migration?

Mixed migration refers to cross-border movements of people including refugees fleeing persecution and conflict, victims of trafficking and people seeking better lives and opportunities. Motivated to move by a multiplicity of factors, people in mixed flows have different legal statuses as well as a variety of vulnerabilities. Although entitled to protection under international human rights law, they are exposed to multiple rights violations along their journey. Those in mixed migration flows travel along similar routes, using similar means of travel – often travelling irregularly and wholly or partially assisted by migrant smugglers.

Photo: Artist: Abbie Trayler-Smith/Panos
Photo: Alfredo D'Amato/Panos

What is the Mixed Migration Centre?

The MMC is a leading source for independent and high quality data, information, research and analysis on mixed migration. Through the provision of credible evidence and expertise, the MMC aims to support agencies, policy makers and practitioners to make well-informed decisions, to positively impact global and regional migration policies, to contribute to protection and assistance responses for people on the move and to stimulate forward thinking in the sector responding to mixed migration.

Our initiatives


Through a network of more than 120 monitors in over 20 countries, 4Mi – Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative – collects in-depth information directly from refugees and migrants on the move on a daily basis.


This initiative brings together the Mixed Migration Centre, IBM and the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to leverage their distinct capacities, relative strengths and sector knowledge to attempt to develop and test a predictive model on migration.

Research and trend analysis

MMC’s regional units conduct in-depth research and provide expert analysis on a range of mixed migration issues. Research reports, briefing papers and discussion papers can be found under resources and on the regional pages.

The regional units compile monthly summaries of mixed migration movements, data, trends and issues in each of the regions, as well descriptions of political events and policy changes affecting mixed migration. Monthly summaries are listed in the resource section and on the regional pages.

Policy engagement

MMC is closely involved in various global and regional migration policy processes and regularly presents at conferences, round tables and panel discussions. Find here a selection of recent MMC policy statements on the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.

Photo: Amin/Wikipedia

Email newsletters

MMC regional hubs produce monthly email newsletters featuring summaries of the latest mixed migration trends and policy updates.

Sign-up for the regional newsletters below:

East Africa and Yemen

West Africa

Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean



For all general inquiries, please contact us at:

Or contact the Head of MMC, Bram Frouws:

For regional inquiries, contact one of the regional coordinators directly.

MMC and the Danish Refugee Council

The MMC is part of, and governed by DRC through a Steering Committee consisting of DRC HQ and Regional representation. While its institutional link to DRC ensures MMC’s work is grounded in operational reality, it acts as an independent source of data, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration for policy makers, practitioners, journalists, and the broader humanitarian sector. The position of the MMC does not necessarily reflect the position of DRC.

Our funding partners

The MMC’s work is made possible through the generous support and close cooperation with various partners, including: Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Denmark Development Cooperation (Danida), the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (UM), Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), UNICEF, UNHCR, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the European Union, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the German Federal Foreign Office (FFO).

  • Danida
  • Denmark
  • European Union
  • Germany
  • GIZ
  • IGAD
  • Norway
  • Swiss FDFA
  • Swiss SDC
  • ukfco
  • unhcr
  • unicef